Montpelier, VT is the smallest state capital in the United States. The population of this town is still less than 10,000. Governing is the primary industry in this town, so the population can appear greater because of the daily travel of the politicians and their entourage and, for the curious public, businesses and individuals who support it.
In 1843 the Vermont Central Railroad was chartered to build a rail line across the center of Vermont and then south to Windsor, VT. Geographic and political interests combined led to the creation of the train station in Montpelier and its location about one mile from the capital and downtown area. Transportation services from the train station to the capital and other landmarks is available by taxi, shuttle, etc. thru the Green Mountain Transit Agency.
Just about 6 miles from Montpelier is located its neighboring city of Barre, VT. There is a deposit of granite in Barre that is estimated to be 4 miles long, 2 miles wide and 10 miles deep. Barre Gray granite is known for its superior weather resistance due to its low iron content and it is valued all over the world. The granite mines and refining mills became the work grounds for more than 41 granite-related businesses in the area in 1914. Montpelier became important as a refining and shipping post for granite products harvested down the road in Barre, Vermont.
This "smallest of state capitals" continues as fertile ground for cultural growth in Vermont and across the country because of its government, educational and business institutions. Montpelier is the home to Vermont College, the New England Culinary Institute, the museum of the Vermont Historical Society and the T.W. Wood Gallery and Arts Center. This is the 7th stop on the Vermonter line.